Если вас привлекает культура и искусство Китая, вы можете оформить участок по традициям Фэн шуй.

В конце 20 века увлечение философскими учениями стало модным в Америке и Западной Европе. Фэн шуй адаптировали для сознания современного европейца, сделали его «общеупотребительным». Глубокий смысл учений древнекитайских философов заключается в достижении баланса между мужским и женским началом, проникновение в суть вещей мироздания Вселенной.

Фэн шуй – даосская философская практика образования пространства и направления положительной энергии ци (дыхание дракона) на благо человека. Считается, что энергия существует везде. Чтобы привлечь положительную энергию в ту или иную зону следует сформировать гармонию.

Облик традиционного китайского сада: светлая каменная стена ограждает сад от негативного воздействия внешней среды. В стене расположены окна и «лунные» ворота, через которые открывается вид на какую-то живописную точку сада.

Извилистые дорожки из камня (часто выложены узоры из гальки). Каменные нагромождения, но не хаотичные, а органично вписанные в пейзаж. Обязательно присутствует вода (текущая и спокойная гладь). В пруду обитают рыбки, а на поверхности цветут лотосы. Беседки и мостики, будто выросшие из воды и кустарника, гармонично вплетаются в общую живописную картину сада. Центром композиции является жилой дом, окруженный садом. Китайский сад несет свое настроение: веселое, «грозное», «идиллическое». Все в нем направлено на восстановление здоровья и душевного состояния человека.

Чтобы привлечь положительную энергию в сад необходимо правильно оформить вход.

Ведь сад – это свой оазис, рукотворный рай. Поэтому его ограждают стеной или живой изгородью от окружающего мира, но ограда непременно сочетается с ландшафтом местности. А вход – это ворота в «маленький рай». Вход в сад оформляется с использованием декоративных элементов, чтобы возникло желание зайти и полюбоваться открывающимся пейзажем. Традиционно ворота в сад изготавливают из дерева и окрашивают в красный или коричневый цвет, их венчает крыша (двухскатная или изогнутая).

Вода и камень – непременные главные атрибуты китайского сада. Камень символизирует бессмертие и постоянство, и обозначает мужское начало (ян). Камни являются предметом гордости хозяина, их коллекционируют на протяжении десятков лет. Вода означает женское начало (инь). Создать гармонию можно только уравновесив эти начала. Водопады, ручьи, пруды обрамленные камнями и растениями несут в себе смысл движения и перемен.

Растения и животные в китайской культуре также имеют свои символические значения. Пион воплощает мужское начало, а хризантема – женское. Сосна символизирует долголетие и благородство, а магнолия – достаток. Персик обозначает счастье, слива – стойкость, лотос – силу жизни. Бамбук несет в себе смысл чистоты души, скромности, высокой нравственности. Традиционными растениями для китайского сада являются клен, ива, вишня, абрикос. В саду устраиваются «сезонные» уголки для любования пейзажем в разные времена года. Для этого пространство сада разбивают на дворики и «зеленые комнаты».

Беседки, мостики, чайные домики служат для отдыха и медитации, философских размышлений и дружеских бесед. Считается, что решения, возникшие во время прогулки по саду самые правильные.

Если вы решили устроить свой сад в восточном стиле, необходимо учесть некоторые нюансы. В китайском саду вы не увидите подстриженных газонов. Маленькая площадь не допускает такую «непозволительную роскошь». Здесь нет места буйству всей цветовой палитры. Но аристократичные пионы, роскошные розы, нежные крокусы и нарциссы придают саду изысканность и утонченность. Не следует перегружать участок «восточными» предметами (зеркалами, колокольчиками, фигурками божков, драконов и лягушек), чтобы придать саду китайский колорит. Так можно добиться только противоположного результата. Архитектурные формы должны органично вписываться в пейзаж и нести свой символический смысл.

251 КОММЕНТАРИИ

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