Бананы собирают во влажных субтропиках. Чтобы вырастить дома деревце, которое подарит сладкие плоды, нужно сделать так, чтобы условия приближались к природным. Экзотические фрукты порадуют изысканным вкусом в награду за старательный уход. Растение не является пальмой, но может достигать высоты в несколько метров, однако есть и низкорослые сорта, что годятся для выращивания в закрытом помещении.

Декоративными бананами – бархатистыми и лавандовыми – украшают оранжереи, беседки, но их фрукты не едят. К плодовым относят «Кавендиш карликовый» и «Киевский суперкарлик», что имеют рост меньше метра. Рассмотрим, как вырастить банан домашних условиях.

Грунт для деревца

Чтобы вырастить банан в домашних условиях, сначала готовится субстрат. Для него подойдет верхний слой земли, где растут береза, акация, грецкий орех. Ведро этого грунта нужно смешать с 2 кг песка, 1 кг перегноя и 500 г древесной золы. После этого полученная смесь прокаливается, заливаясь кипящей водой. В емкости делают дренажный слой, на него кладется мокрый песок, сверху – почва. Чтобы корням хватало воздуха, между поддоном и горшком рекомендуется положить камни плоской формы.

Выращивание из готового саженца

Экзотические фрукты можно выращивать, купив готовое растение, или из семян.

Приобретенное деревце на некоторые время ставится в комнате. Затем его перемещают в емкость, куда нужно будет всыпать до 7 литров подготовленного субстрата, на дно устанавливается дренаж из песка и керамзита.

Поливаются и опрыскиваются бананы довольно часто, но так, чтобы вода не застаивалась. Удобряется почва жидким раствором раз в неделю. Когда появятся цветы, дерево чаще нуждается в подкормке.

Оно порадует быстрым ростом, если температура в помещении будет держаться от +25 до +30 градусов, не ниже. Освещать пространство нужно хорошо, но смотреть, чтобы прямые лучи не касались корней банана. В теплое время деревце выносится на лоджию или балкон. Однако сквозняков оно боится, помните об этом.

Выращивание из семян

Экзотическими плодами могут порадовать и бананы, выращенные из семян, но для этого их подвергают скарификации для улучшения схожести. Для этого на скорлупу наносятся неглубокие царапины.Для высадки берутся горшки диаметров в 10 см или ящики. Грунт готовят, смешивая три части песка и одну торфа. На дно емкости устанавливается дренаж. Чтобы свет попадал на семена, субстрат на них не кладут. Поверх накрывают пленкой из полиэтилена. Горшочек помещают на свет, но дальше от проникновения солнечных лучей.

Почву опрыскивают регулярно. Но нельзя допускать появления плесени. Если она все же появится, ее снимают с верхним слоем грунта, после чего обрабатывают раствором марганцовки. Первые всходы станут видны месяца через три. Тогда их можно пересадить в землю.

Бананы в природных условиях страдают от грибков, нематод, долгоносиков и других вредителей. Дома растение может заболеть при недостаточной влажности, если появится паутинный клещ.

Пожелтевшие и высохшие листы срезаются, а наблюдается это при излишней сухости воздуха. Если установить в помещении увлажнитель, деревце лучше цветет и через время порадует вкусными плодами.

Как видно, выращивание банана в домашних условиях возможно. Пусть оно и трудоемко, но зато результат порадует не только садовода-любителя, но и его родственников, угощающихся экзотическими фруктами комнатного/дачного производства.

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