Рано или поздно перед садоводом встает необходимость прививки яблони. Зачем это делать?

Причин может быть несколько:

  • Увеличить количество урожая, заменив старые и менее ценные на новые и дорогие побеги;
  • Эксперимент “сожительства” с разными сортами;
  • Экономия места;
  • Самостоятельное выращивание яблони;
  • Спасение от гибели из-за повреждения (например, грызуны);
  • Приращивание более устойчивых сортов к нападкам окружающей среды;
  • Вы хотите вырастить карликовую яблоню.

Этот способ прививки подходит для перепрививки подвоев, штамб или скелетная ветка которых составляет около 2-5 см в диаметре (обычно это деревья 3-6 лет).

Лучше всего прививать яблони в расщеп ранней весной, с марта по апрель (в зависимости от климата), когда спали морозы, либо с июля по август, во время второго сокодвижения. В более теплых широтах этот способ прививки можно применять и осенью, с сентября до начала октября.

Во время прививки в расщеп на штамбе или скелетной ветке привоя делают раскол и в получившуюся щель вставляют черенок-подвой.

Погода должна быть безветренной и без дождя.


  • Берём секатор или нож;
  • Садовый вар;
  • Изолента;
  • Дезинфекция инструментов.


  1. Отрезаем черенок, нужно, чтобы было не менее 2-х почек, внутри не должно быть коричневого оттенка
  2. Резким движением счищаем корку – 1 сантиметр, но по бокам оставляем. Должно получиться, как на картинке
  3. Дальше мы прививаем черенок яблони после того, как ножом разрезали ствол на расстояние 10-15 сантиметров от земли, так же можно приростить к уже существующему побегу путём отпила его верхушки
  4. Скрепляем изолентой, чтобы прививка прижилась
  5. Открытые участки смазываем садовым варом


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